This week, the USDA announced new dietary guidelines. Every 5 years the government is required to re-assess our national standards. The new guidelines state that Americans should eat more vegetables, less saturated fat, less sugar, and for the first time; state that men and boys should be eating less meat and eggs. The panel's original guidelines specifically advocated for a more plant-based diet to decrease environmental impact and increase health. This was cut out of the final guidelines.
While the latest guidelines dropped the longstanding limit on dietary cholesterol, the panel also noted that Americans should “eat as little dietary cholesterol as possible” to lower their risk of cardiovascular disease.
Stated in the New York Times, “These dietary guidelines are virtually identical to those of the past 35 years, during which time obesity and diabetes have skyrocketed,” said Nina Teicholz, an investigative journalist and Nutrition Coalition board member. “Given the same advice, it’s not clear why we should expect different outcomes.”
So what gives? Nutrition advise as stated in the Times article, hasn't changed much at all. What has changed is verbiage. There are many interests that try to create a confusing environment surrounding nutrition. Make no mistake about it. It's a highly political system. Basic nutrition advise has always been to eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and a predominantly plant-based diet. However, industry does NOT like this message and is highly involved in the verbiage when it comes to guidelines. For example:
2015 USDA Dietary Guidelines state:
- Less than 10% of calories from added sugars [this is new, but consistent with many other reports such as the one from WHO]
- Less than 10% of calories from saturated fats [in the Guidelines since 1990]
- Less than 2,300 mg sodium [no change from 2010]
Why are these not clear? Previous Dietary Guidelines recommend actual foods when they suggest “eat more" (such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains). But they switch to nutrients whenever they suggest “eat less” (meats, processed foods, soda, dairy).
In the 2015 Dietary Guidelines (taken from Marion Nestle's article),
- Saturated fat is a euphemism for meat.
- Added sugars is a euphemism for sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages.
- Sodium is a euphemism for processed foods and junk foods.
Instead of stating-don't eat foods high in sugar or don't drink soda, don't eat meat, don't eat eggs, the standards are now listed as "eat as little as possible" or "less than 10% of your calories from saturated fat and sugar". Other words changes are from "eat less" to "choose a diet low in...". This is very difficult for most Americans to understand.
Let me translate: 10% of calories from saturated fat on a 2000 calorie per day diet, equals 200 calories from saturated fat. Fat is 9 calories per gram. That equates to 22 g of saturated fat per day. In 1 8oz steak there is 34g of fat, 13 g of which are saturated. In 2 eggs, there's 10 g of fat, and 3 g of saturated fat. Or take a typical lunch out at Chipotle (a "healthier" alternative fast food). If you order the carnitas burrito with the typical toppings of sour cream, cheese, guacamole, and salsa, and eat an order of chips with it, you'll be packing in (and I'm sure this is low compared to what they actually pack your food with) 3500 mg of sodium (recommended less than 2600 for the day!), 91 g of fat, 28g of which is saturated, and 1790 calories! That's in 1 meal for the day in which a person would have overdone saturated fat AND sodium (by a lot), and almost hit the limit on caloric intake.
So, as Americans we should take away this. Dietary advice hasn't changed much. We are still recommended to eat more fruits, veggies, and less cholesterol, sodium, sugar, and saturated fat. How you interpret these standards, is up to you to read between the lines.
If you want to read more on how the food industry influences these guidelines, I highly recommend you read Marion Nestle's book on Food Politics!
For recipes on how to eat a more plant-based diet, join me over at www.gardenfreshfoodie.com, where I'm always cooking up some healthy treats that are devoid of saturated fat, cholesterol, and added sugars, and are low in sodium.
Here's to healthy meals!
-Jessica from www.gardenfreshfoodie.com